Model: 32SII, differences from -32S General: Code-Name: Nardo? Features: scientific, programmable, binary, complex, hyperbolics, units, solver (algebra and program) Firsts: combined RPN and algebraic solver, use of RCL to build strings, use of equations as messages, algebraic equations within RPN programs, use of different representations for subtraction and minus sign in front of numbers, use of smaller E to indicate exponent fractions Introduction: Date: 1991-3-1 Price: $69.95 Discontinuation: Date: 1999-?-? Price: ? Production-Run: ? Display: Number-Formats: sign, 10 mantissa, ., exp sign, 2 exp sign, integer, numerator/denominator L## statement (program statement on line ## of program L) L.## statement (statements 100 to 199) L,## statement (statements 200 to 299) Annunciators: v^ arrows active; fraction error <\ left shift pressed /> right shift pressed PRGM program mode EQN equation mode 0 flag 0 1 flag 1 2 flag 2 3 flag 3 GRAD grad mode RAD radians mode HEX hex mode OCT octal mode BIN binary mode V soft key active <--- more characters to the left V soft key active A..Z alpha keys active V soft key active ! attention V soft key active battery battery low V soft key active ---> more characters to the right V soft key active Data: Data-Types-and-Sizes: real, 8 bytes for each non-zero variable instructions, 1.5 bytes program lines and equations: numbers 0-254 1.5 bytes all other numbers 9.5 bytes statements 1.5 bytes statistical data, 48 bytes max SOLVE calculations, 33.5 bytes integration, 140 bytes binary numbers are 36 bits variable with a value of 0 aren't stored Memory: Named-Registers: X, Y, Z, T, last X, A-Z, i, /c, n, \GSx, \GSy, \GSx^2, \GSy^2, \GSxy Flags: 0-3 user, displayed 4 user 5 interrupt program on overflow 6 set on overflow 7 fraction mode 8 (clear) fraction denominator is not greater than /c 8 (set) use flag 9 9 (clear) reduce fractions to smallest form 9 (set) no reduction of fractions 10 display equations in programs 11 prompt for equation variables when executing equations in programs Register-Usage: i is indirect: registers are numbered 1 to 33 (sign is ignored) designating A to Z, i, and the six summation registers Numbered-Registers: 33 Machine-State: prefix key state stack lift enable display contrast display mode program counter seven level return stack degrees / radians / grads binary mode radix mark PRGM mode EQN mode equation pointer FN= label random number seed flags current menu registers equation list variables memory Physical: Processor: ? Chip-Count: ? Keyboard: Shift-Keys: left, orange, above left right, blue, above right alpha, white, right Key-Labels-Base-Keyboard:: x x \v/x e LN y 1/x \GS+ STO RCL Rv SIN COS TAN ENTER x<>y +/- E <- XEQ 7 8 9 \:- <\ 4 5 6 x /> 1 2 3 - C 0 . R/S + (The C key has a white lower label of ON. The . key has a white lower label of a b/c. The R/S key has a white lower label of SPACE.) Key-Labels-Left-Orange-Above-Left:: 2 x x 10 LOG x\v/y x! \GS- CMPLX RND HYP ASIN ACOS ATAN LAST x [MEM] [MODES] [DISP] [CLEAR] GTO v ^ ISG [x?y]  ->\Gh,r ->HR ->DEG [BASE]  ->kg ->\^oC ->cm ->l  INPUT FDISP PRGM LBL Key-Labels-Right-Blue-Above-Right:: [PARTS] [PROB] [L.R.] [x-,y-] [s,\Gs] [SUMS] EQN SCRL R^ \pi % %CHG SHOW x<> ( ) = FN= SOLVE \.S DSE [x?0]  ->y,x ->HMS ->RAD [FLAGS]  ->lb ->\^oF ->in ->gal OFF VIEW /c PSE RTN Key-Labels-Alpha-White-Right:: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P   Q R S   T U V   W X Y   Z i (i)  Programmable-Operations:: % percent of %CHG percent change + addition +/- change sign - subtraction ->cm convert inches to cm ->DEG convert to degrees ->gal convert liters to gallons ->HMS convert to hours,minutes,seconds ->HR convert to decimal hours ->in convert mm to inches ->kg convert lbm to kg ->l convert gallons to liters ->lb convert kg to lb ->RAD convert to radians ->y,x convert polar to rectangular ->\Gh,r convert rectangular to polar ->\^oC convert deg F to deg C ->\^oF convert deg C to deg F /c set denominator (0 and 4095 set to default, 1 recalls current value) 0-9, . enter digit, decimal point, or fraction 1/x reciprocal 10^x common exponential ABS absolute value ACOS arc cosine ACOSH arc hyperbolic cosine ALL set all display mode ALOG common exponential ASIN arc sine ASINH arc hyperbolic sine ATAN arc tangent ATANH arc hyperbolic tangent b compute y intercept BIN select binary mode CF 0-9,.0-.1 clear flag CLVARS clear all variables CLx clear x CL\GS clear summation CMPLX +,+/-,-,1/x,COS,e^x,LN,SIN,TAN,x,y^x,\:- complex versions (uses x+yi and z+ti) Cn,r combinations COS cosine COSH arc cosine DEC select decimal mode DEG set degrees mode DSE A-Z,i,(i) decrement, skip if equal (cccccc.fffii: cccccc counter, fff final, ii increment) E start an exponent ENG 0-9,.0-.1 set eng mode (at most 10 digits will displayed; .0 and .1 display 10 digits and affect when rounding to display) ENTER enter EXP natural exponential e^x natural exponential FIX 0-9,.0-.1 set fix mode (at most 10 digits will displayed; .0 and .1 display 10 digits and affect when rounding to display) FN= A-Z,(i) selects labelled program as current FP fractional part FS? 0-9,.0-.1 is flag set? GRAD set grads mode GTO A-Z,(i) set program counter to label HEX select hexadecimal mode INPUT A-Z,i,(i) recall variable to X and shows name and value; skipped if solving for this variable INV reciprocal IP integer part ISG A-Z,i,(i) increment, skip if greater (cccccc.fffii: cccccc counter, fff final, ii increment) LASTx recall last X LBL A-Z label a program LN natural logarithm LOG common logarithm m compute slope n number of items in statistics list OCT select octal mode Pn,r permutations PSE pause r compute correlation coefficient R/S run / stop RAD set radians mode RADIX, set , as radix RADIX. set . as radix RANDOM random number RCL +,-,x,\:- A-Z,i,(i) recall arithmetic RCL A-Z,i,(i) recall from register RND round to match display RTN return Rv roll down R^ roll up SCI 0-9,.0-.1 set sci mode (at most 10 digits will displayed; .0 and .1 display 10 digits and affect when rounding to display) SEED set random seed SF 0-9,.0-.1 set flag SIN sine SINH hyperbolic sine SOLVE A-Z,i,(i) solves the current program (or equation in equation mode) for the specified variable SQ square SQRT square root STO +,-,x,\:- A-Z,i,(i) storage arithmetic STO A-Z,i,(i) store in register STOP run/stop sx standard deviation of x sy standard deviation of y TAN tangent TANH hyperbolic menu VIEW A-Z,i,(i) display variable name and value x (clear menu) clear x x multiplication x! gamma function x- mean of x x-w weighted mean of x x<0? comparison test x<> A-Z,i,(i) swap with x<>y swap x<y? comparison test x=0? comparison test x=y? comparison test x>0? comparison test x>y? comparison test XEQ A-Z,(i) call label as subroutine XROOT xth root of y x\<=0? comparison test x\<=y? comparison test x\=/0? comparison test x\=/y? comparison test x\>=0? comparison test x\>=y? comparison test x\v/y xth root of y x^ estimate x x^2 square y,x->\Gh,r convert rectangular to polar y- mean of y y^ estimate y y^x power \.SFN d A-Z,i,(i) integrate current program (or equation in equation mode) with respect to specified variable \:- division \Gh,r->y,x convert polar to rectangular \GS clear summation \GS+ add to statistics \GS- subtract from statistics \GSx return sum of x values \Gsx compute population standard deviation \GSxy return sum of xy product \GSx^2 return sum of square of x values \GSy return sum of y values \Gsy compute population standard deviation \GSy^2 return sum of square of y values \pi constant 3.14159265359 \v/x square root Solver Functions: % percent of %CHG percent change ( start expression ) end expression + addition +/- change sign - subtraction ->cm convert inches to cm ->DEG convert to degrees ->gal convert liters to gallons ->HMS convert to hours,minutes,seconds ->HR convert to decimal hours ->in convert mm to inches ->kg convert lbm to kg ->l convert gallons to liters ->lb convert kg to lb ->RAD convert to radians ->y,x convert polar to rectangular ->\Gh,r convert rectangular to polar ->\^oC convert deg F to deg C ->\^oF convert deg C to deg F 0-9, . enter digit, decimal point, or fraction 1/x reciprocal 10^x common exponential = separate equation parts A..Z,i,(i) (obtained with RCL) message letter; value of variable ABS absolute value ACOS arc cosine ACOSH arc hyperbolic cosine ALOG common exponential ASIN arc sine ASINH arc hyperbolic sine ATAN arc tangent ATANH arc hyperbolic tangent b compute y intercept Cn,r combinations COS cosine COSH arc cosine E start an exponent EXP natural exponential e^x natural exponential FP fractional part INV reciprocal IP integer part LN natural logarithm LOG common logarithm m compute slope n number of items in statistics list Pn,r permutations r compute correlation coefficient RANDOM random number RND round to match display SIN sine SINH hyperbolic sine SPACE insert a space character SQ square SQRT square root sx standard deviation of x sy standard deviation of y TAN tangent TANH hyperbolic menu x (clear menu) clear x x multiplication x! gamma function x- mean of x x-w weighted mean of x XROOT xth root of y x\v/y xth root of y x^ estimate x x^2 square y- mean of y y^ estimate y y^x power \:- division \GSx return sum of x values \Gsx compute population standard deviation \GSxy return sum of xy product \GSx^2 return sum of square of x values \GSy return sum of y values \Gsy compute population standard deviation \GSy^2 return sum of square of y values \pi constant 3.14159265359 \v/x square root Non-Programmable-Operations:: shift /> clear shift <- erase character or number; cancel one level of menus; erase last function keyed in; deletes program step shift <\ clear shift ALL (clear menu) clear all BASE bring up menu C clear number or expression; cancel all menus; exit modes; halts program C (ON) on C + + adjust display contrast C + - adjust display contrast C + 1/x continuous self test, stop by C + LN C + LN reset calculator C + y^x one shot self test C + \v/x + \GS+ clear all memory CLEAR bring up menu DISP bring up menu EQN toggle equation mode EQN (clear menu) clear equation (or entire calculator in program mode) FDISP toggle fraction display mode FLAGS bring up menu GTO . . set program counter to top GTO . A-Z 00-99 set program counter to specified line of labelled program GTO A-Z (not in program mode) set program counter to label L.R. bring up menu MEM bring up menu MODES bring up menu OFF off ON on PARTS bring up menu PGM (clear menu) clear all programs (or entire calculator in program mode) PGM (mem meu) list of programs PRGM program / run mode PROB bring up menu s,\Gs bring up menu SCRL enable/disable equation scrolling SHOW show all digits or object SPACE insert a space character SUMS bring up menu v move down VAR list of variables x-,y- bring up menu x?0 bring up 0 comparison menu x?y bring up y comparison menu ^ move up Menus:: BASE: DEC HX OC BN CLEAR: x VARS ALL \GS (normal) CLEAR: x VARS PGM \GS (program mode) DISP: FX SC EN ALL FX: 0-9,.0-.1 SC: 0-9,.0-.1 EN: 0-9,.0-.1 (at most 10 digits will displayed; .0 and .1 display 10 digits and affect when rounding to display) FLAGS: SF CF FS? then enter 0-9,.0-.1 L.R.: x^ y^ r m b MEM: remaining VAR PGM VAR: list of variables PGM: list of programs MODES: DG RD GR . , PARTS: IP FP ABS PROB: Cn,r Pn,r SD R s,\Gs: sx sy \Gsx \GSy SUMS: n x y x^2 y^2 xy x-,y-: x- y- x-,w x?0: \=/ \<= < > \>= = x?y: \=/ \<= < > \>= = Bugs/ROM-Versions:: These bugs were posted to Comp.sys.handhelds on 30 April 1991) by Stephen J. Thomas (email@example.com): 1) The "Factors of Denominator" mode sometimes produces denominators which are not factors. In these cases, the 32SII seems to display the "Most Precise Mode" fraction, so this is a minor bug. Example: SF 8 CF 9 8 /c 3 1/x You see 0 1/3, but 3 isn't a factor of 8. 2) The "Fixed Denominator" mode (SF 8, SF 9) sometimes produces denominators other than the specified one, along with incorrect numerators. The amount of the error can be about +/- 1. HP is now sending a manual addendum recommending that Flag 9 not be used at all. Example: SF8 SF 9 1 ENTER ENTER ENTER 8 /c 32 1/x (which is 0.03125) You see v 0 7/8 (which is 0.875) but should see ^ 0 0/8. (Recall that ^ and v are the up- and down-arrows.) Now press + repeatedly. You'll see: v 1 7/8 v 2 1/2 v 4 v 4 3/4 v 5 3/5 v 6 1/2 v 7 3/7 etc... all of which are WAY off, and very few of which have a "fixed" denominator of 8. 3) The "Most Precise" mode (CF 8, CF 9) and the "Factors of Denominator" mode (SF 8, CF 9) sometimes violate the commutativity of addition, and produce incorrect results. This only occurs when the x value is close to 1/8 of the /c value, and the last two digits of the LASTx register's exponent are nonzero. The worst error this can produce is approximately +/- 0.125, which makes this a substantial bug. Example: CF 8 CF 9 8 /c 32 1/x See v 1/8, but it should be ^ 0 0/8. Pressing: 0 + gives ^ 0, but: 32 1/x 0 x<>y + gives v 0 1/8 . Addition should be commutative. The LASTx value is causing the problems. In late March, I called HP's Technical Support department about problems with the fraction system (actually, at that time, I only knew about bug 1). The HP employee stated that the 32SII can give incorrect answers when using fractions (although she would not go into any details about what problems were known), and that HP would likely be instituting some type of exchange program this summer. She suggested I call back after April 1 for details. I did call back, left a message, and haven't heard back from them yet. I suppose I'll try again after May 1. Notes:: Fraction mode works like this: - Entry is with with . key. To enter 3 1/2, type: "3 . 1 . 2". - Omitted digits have these effects: . 1 . 3 enters 0 1/3 1 . . 3 enters 0 1/3 1 . 3 . enters 1.3 (it would be nice if this instead entered 1 3/c instead) - Entry of fractions can happen at any time, regardless of fraction display mode. - Numbers are always stored in decimal. Fraction mode only applies when the number is displayed (and the RND function). If so, why all those fraction-related bugs? - The /c register stores the denominator. It can be in the range 0 to 4095. Storing a value into the /c register also turns on fraction display (flag 7). - Fraction display mode (flag 7) is an alternate display mode to SCI/FIX/ENG. If set, the SCI/FIX/ENG is not used and fractions are used. If not set, SCI/FIX/ENG is used as normal. - The ^ and v indicators tell where the true value is in relation to the displayed fraction. - Fractions come in three flavors: flag 8 flag 9 clear - most precise: the closest fraction with a denominator <= /c is used. set clear factors of denominator: the closest fraction with a denominator that is a factor of /c is used. set set fixed denominator: fractions not reduced; denominators is always /c. Examples of the display of 2.77: flag 8 flag 9 /c = 4095 /c = 16 clear - 2 77/100 ^ 2 10/13 set clear ^ 2 1051/1365 ^ 2 3/4 set set ^ 2 3153/4095 ^ 2 12/16 Equations work like this: - Equations are unnamed and kept in an ordered list. - There are three forms: equalities expr=expr assignments var=expr expressions expr - Keys in equation mode do: equalities assignments expressions ENTER computes expr-expr compute expr; computes expr store value in var do VIEW var SHOW shows checksum and size SOLVE prompts for variable and solves the equation for the variable XEQ computes expr-expr compute var-expr computes expr \.S enter lower and upper bound then execute this function: it prompts for variable and solves the equation for the variable The solver works by keying off variables appearing in RCL (for equations) or INPUT (for program). It builds a list of all mentioned variables (except for the one being solved for). It then prompts for each varaible by doing an INPUT on the variable. INPUT works by VIEWing the variable. You can press R/S to use the value, key in an expression for a new variable, or press ENTER and use the current value to compute a new value. R/S continues. When you execute the solver on an equation, the solver drops you out of equation mode. You must re-enter equation mode before trying another "what if?" While annoying, this is somewhat of a Hobson's choice as many people want to be able to do something with the result, too. Other notes: This machine was going to be called the "HP32+". However, the same force that dropped the "-" from the part number also indicated that only numbers and letters could appear in part numbers. "Orange" is officially "Mandarin" (early) or "Coral" (later) -32S's. Reasons for the upgrade [Eric Vogel]: improve actual functionality, perceived functionality, and accessability of commonly used functions. Wound up adding algebraic solver, units, fractions, root finder, population standard deviation, xth root of y, brought functions out of menus to faceplate (23 menus reduced to 14, no nested menus), larger pixels in display. If the code name is correct, it is a (possibly unintentional) metaphor for the machine itself: a -32S with shorter key sequences. When you look closely into the machine, it is clear that equations and fractions are "pasted on." For example, you can't enter fraction constants into a program. That said, the engineers did a very good job and you really have to look hard to find these "seams." In the summer of 1991, HP offered a "trade in" program whereby all 32SII owners could trade their units in on one with new ROMs. In my opinion, this is the best overall RPN calculator ever made. Recent models use blue and white instead of orange and blue color schemes.
I am Craig A. Finseth.
Last modified Saturday, 2012-02-25T17:29:36-06:00.